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Classic Blues from Smithsonian Folkways


Classic Blues from Smithsonian Folkways
Mp3 @192

Label Smithsonian Folkways Recordings
Orig Year 2003
All Time Sales Rank 76210
CD Universe Part number 5572461
Catalog number 40134
Discs 1
Release Date Feb 25, 2003
Studio/Live Studio
Mono/Stereo Mixed
Recording Time 73 minutes

A living and dynamic tradition, blues is forged in hard times but is also powerful enough to bring on the good times!

Legends such as Lead Belly, Memphis Slim, Big Bill Broonzy, Elizabeth Cotten, Sonny Terry, and Brownie McGhee, among others formed the “blues backbone” of the great Folkways Records.

This compilation from the Smithsonian Folkways collection spans half a century and features Delta, St. Louis, Southwest, and Chicago styles performed by some of the best-known figures in blues history.

From boogies to ballads, full of innuendo and irony, this classic collection is a jukebox in a jewel case.

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Starting in the 1940s, Folkways made significant blues recordings, particularly of important artists who might not have had the easiest time getting or keeping contracts with more commercial labels, but still had something to say artistically.

This expansive 26-track compilation assembles material recorded between the 1940s and 1990s that showed up on various Folkways releases.

Unfortunately, the liner notes don’t name the exact dates of all the recordings, but certainly the substantial majority of them predate 1970.

Overall, it’s a rather good compilation of many major and minor mid-20th century blues with numerous diverse performers and styles.

The bigger names include Sonny Terry & Brownie McGhee (whose “Old Jabo,” with drums, almost verges on Bo Diddley-styled rock & roll), Reverend Gary Davis (represented by a 1957 version of his famous “Candy Man”), Big Bill Broonzy, Memphis Slim and Willie Dixon (performing together), Lightnin’ Hopkins, Leadbelly, Roosevelt Sykes, Son House, Champion Jack Dupree, Elizabeth Cotten, Lonnie Johnson, and Josh White.

While acoustic guitar blues (including a field recording of K.C. Douglas’ “Mercury Blues,” later covered by Steve Miller) gets a fair amount of airtime, so do boogie piano, a cappella singing (Vera Hall), and some actual Delta blues (Son House, from a 1942 field recording).

Amazing music!

Grab it now!

Tracklisting

1. Old Jabo – Sonny Terry & Brownie McGhee
2. Mule-Ridin’ Blues – Big Bill Broonzy
3. Joggie Boogie – Memphis Slim & Willie Dixon
4. Black Woman – Vera Hall
5. Mercury Blues – K.C. Douglas
6. Ran the Blues Out of My Window – Roosevelt Sykes
7. Leaving Blues – Leadbelly
8. One Dime Blues – Etta Baker
9. County Farm Blues – Son House
10. Clog Dance (Stomping Blues) – Champion Jack Dupree
11. Boll Weevil – Pink Anderson
12. Nickel’s Worth of Liver Blues – Edith North Johnson & Henry Brown
13. Don’t Leave Me Here – Big Joe Williams
14. Jimmy Bell – Cat Iron
15. Candy Man – Reverend Gary Davis
16. Beer Drinking Woman – Memphis Slim & Willie Dixon
17. Come Go Home With Me – Lightnin’ Hopkins
18. Careless Love – Josh White
19. I Asked Her If She Loved Me – Henry Townsend
20. Rising Sun – Sonny Terry & Brownie McGhee
21. Pony Blues – David “Honeyboy” Edwards
22. Vicksburg Blues – Little Brother Montgomery
23. Vastapol – Elizabeth Cotten
24. Drifting Along Blues – Lonnie Johnson
25. Oh Baby, You Don’t Have to Go – The Original Chambers Brothers
26. Don’t Lie Buddy – Leadbelly/Josh White

Here she be!

Big thanks to Bakra



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September 17, 2008 Posted by | Big Bill Broonzy, Brownie McGhee, Leadbelly, Lightning Hopkins, Memphis Slim, Music_Blues, Reverend Gary Davis, Roosevelt Sykes, Son House, Sonny Terry, Willie Dixon | Leave a comment

Dylan / Leadbelly / Nirvana/ Cobain / Lanegan – Where Did You Sleep Last Night (aka In The Pines)

Bob Dylan/ Leadbelly / Nirvana/ Kurt Cobain / Mark Lanegan – Where Did You Sleep Last Night (aka In The Pines)
Mp3 / Various kbps – see below
1 RAR / RS / 32 MB

https://i1.wp.com/www.bobsboots.com/CDS/d-41f.JPG
Bob Dylan – In the Pines (Live)
Carnegie Chapter Hall, NY November 4, 1961
128 Kbps, 7.8 Mb, 00:08:33
from the bootleg Dylan’s Roots
https://i1.wp.com/blog.oregonlive.com/popmusic/2007/08/leadbelly.jpg
Leadbelly – Where Did You Sleep Last Night
224 Kbps, 4.85 Mb, 00:03:02
From the Leadbelly collection Absolutely The Best

http://denverdoldrums.files.wordpress.com/2007/10/nirvanaunplugged.jpg
Kurt Cobain- Where Did You Sleep Last Night (acoustic)
320 Kbps, 5.9 Mb, 00:02:32
A solo Cobain home demo of the song, recorded in 1990, from the 2004 box set,
With the Lights Out.

//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/7/78/WDYSLN.jpg/180px-WDYSLN.jpg” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors.
Nirvana – Where Did You Sleep Last Night
192 Kbps, 7.1 Mb, 00:05:09
From the NYC Unplugged album

https://i2.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/f/ff/MarkLanegan-TheWindingSheet.jpg

Mark Lanegan – Where Did You Sleep Last Night
192 Kbps, 5.6 Mb, 00:03:59
From the 1999 LP The Winding Sheet

Black girl, black girl, don’t lie to me,
where did you stay last night?
This powerful, timeless, traditional classic is best known via the scintillating version from Kurt Cobain in Nirvana’s 1993 MTV Unplugged in NYC show.

Topmost amongst the highlights of that show was the very intense performance by Kurt Cobain of Leadbelly’s version of Where Did You Sleep Last Night.

Could Kurt perhaps have been making the lyrics autobiographical and been referring to a certain skank to whom he was attached?! Course not!

“Where Did You Sleep Last Night” was actually performed live by Nirvana a few times during the early 1990s.

Cobain was introduced to the song by his pal Mark Lanegan (formerly of Seattle’s excellent Screaming Trees), and Kurt even played guitar on Lanegan’s version! Like Lanegan too, Cobain usually screamed the song’s final verse. Imitation is the best form of flattery!

Cobain earned critical and commercial acclaim for his acoustic performance of the song during Nirvana’s MTV Unplugged appearance in 1993. This version was posthumously released on the band’s MTV Unplugged in New York album (and as a B-side on their recalled “Pennyroyal Tea” single) the following year.

A solo Cobain home demo of the song, recorded in 1990, appears on Nirvana’s 2004 box set, With the Lights Out. It does not feature the final screamed verse of later versions.

https://i2.wp.com/img.villagephotos.com/p/2006-11/1227628/mark_lanegan_arf_2004.jpg

An electric version of “Where Did You Sleep Last Night” was recorded by Mark Lanegan in August 1989 and appears on his 1990 debut solo album, The Winding Sheet. Catch this track in the vid below at the end of the post. Also in the composite RAR below. Also here; Mark_Lanegan- Sleep_Last_Night.mp3

In 2006 the Twilight Singers toured with Lanegan as guest vocalist and performed the song live several times. Catch the Twilight Singers with Laneganthis performing this track in the vid below at the end of the post.

https://i0.wp.com/www.zigzaglive.com/live/wp-content/uploads/2006/10/twilightsingers1.jpg

This classic Appalachian traditional song is more properly called “In the Pines“.

“In the Pines” – also known as “Black Girl” and “Where Did You Sleep Last Night?” – is a traditional American folk song which dates back to at least the 1870s, and is believed to be Southern Appalachian in origin.

Over the years, the song has been sung by countless singers and has been recorded by many dozens of artists in numerous genres and in numerous versions.

The identity of the song’s original author is unknown. In fact the song has undergone so many mutations and transformations that, like many traditional songs, it does not, nor could not, have one person to whom authorship could properly be ascribed.

However, Kurt Cobain attributed authorship to Huddie William Ledbetter (January, 1888 – December 6, 1949) – better known as Leadbelly – who had recorded the song several times, beginning in 1944.

Nevertheless, the fact is that all the kernel elements of the song were written years before Leadbelly ever heard it – even years before Leadbelly was born!

Interestingly, and bizarrely, though, it does appear that Leadbelly did somehow manage to obtain legal copyright on the song!

Leadbelly did make small adaptations to certain versions of the song that had thertofore circulated to form his own version of the old song. However, the the version performed by Leadbelly (and covered by Mark Lanegan and Nirvana etc.) does not differ at all substantially from other, far older variants of the song, which, like Leadbelly’s, are performed in 3/4 time.

https://i1.wp.com/www.vh1.com/sitewide/flipbooks/img/artists/bob_dylan/no_direction_home/27.jpg
Bob Dylan, especially in his earliest days on the folk circuit, has performed “In the Pines” a number of times at his shows. The track also appears on a number of different Dylan bootlegs but a Dylan version was never officially recorded or released.

The version below is from a Dylan show at Carnegie Chapter Hall, NY November 4, 1961, as captured on the wonderful early Dylan bootleg Dylan’s Roots.

Dylan’s version is strongly based on Leadbelly’s with some small changes to the lyrics.

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As referred to, this traditional Appalachian song dates back to the 1870s – most probably earlier – and, like countless other folk songs, “Where Did You Sleep Last Night” was passed on from one generation and locale to the next by word of mouth.

Lyrics in some versions about “Joe Brown’s coal mine” and “the Georgia line” may date it to Joseph E. Brown, a former Governor of Georgia, who famously leased convicts to operate coal mines in the 1870s.

Over time the song evolved and acquired numerous variants, none of which are definitive.

The first printed version of the song, compiled by Cecil Sharp, appeared in 1917, and comprised just four lines and a melody.

The Cecil Sharp lines are:


Black girl, black girl, don’t lie to me
Where did you stay last night?
I stayed in the pines where the sun never shines
And shivered when the cold wind blows

In 1925, a version of the song was recorded onto phonograph cylinder by a folk collector. This was the first documentation of “The Longest Train” variant of the song.

This variant includes at least one stanza about “The longest train I ever saw”. These go along the lines of the following (however, again there are sub-variations even within this variant!)

The longest train I ever saw
Went down that Georgia Line
The engine passed at six o’clock
and the cab went by at nine

The longest train I ever saw
was 19 coaches long
The only boy I ever loved
is on that train and gone

The kernel of “The Longest Train” stanza(s) originally comes from a separate song entirely, that over time merged into “Where Did You Sleep Last Night”.


Yes, there does actually exist a totally separate traditional song known as “The longest train I ever saw”, wherein are essentially the same lines;

The longest train I ever saw
Run by Joe Brown’s coal mine
The headlight passed at six o’clock
The cab came by at nine

The prettiest girl I ever saw
Is on that train an’ gone
Her eyes were blue, her cheeks was brown
An’ her hair is hung way down

Th train it wrecked at four miles
It killed my Evalane
Her head was found in th driver’s seat
Her poor body hain’t been found

Th longest way, th longest day
The longest night
Was th day Evalane died

I walked th track
Whole day alone
I bowed my head an’ cried

Th long steel rail, the short cross ties
They carried away
The arms that brought me safely here
But I’ll make it home, someday


thanks to maxhunter.missouristate.edu

And where is any proper traditional song without death and sadness!

Where Did You Sleep Last Night, in many variants, tells of the grisly decapitation of the protagonist’s loved one, often ascribed to a train.

Early renditions, wherein mention is made that someone’s “head was found in the driver’s wheel”, usually make clear that a train caused the decapitation.

However, a number of later versions would drop the reference to the train and reattribute the cause of the decapitation/ death to different and various sources.

Music historian Norm Cohen, in his 1981 book “Long Steel Rail: The Railroad in American Folksong,” states that eventually the song came to consist of three frequent elements:

  • a chorus about “in the pines”,
  • a stanza (or more) about “the longest train”
  • a stanza (or more) about a decapitation.

However, not all elements are present in every version!

https://i1.wp.com/blog.oregonlive.com/popmusic/2007/08/leadbelly.jpgIn the Leadbelly version, the “in the pines” chorus is prominent but the longest train verse is excluded entirely.

However, the death of the protagonist’s loved one is clearly stated and it’s cause attributed indirectly to a train. In rather macabre fashion, only the corpse’s head is found!

Her husband, was a hard working man
Just about a mile from here
His head was found in a driving wheel
But his body never was found

In a 1970 dissertation, Judith McCulloh found 160 permutations of the song.

McCulloh’s findings included facts such as that, as well as rearrangement of the three frequent elements, the person who goes into the pines or who is decapitated has been described as a man, a woman, an adolescent, a wife, a husband or a parent, while the pines have represented sexuality, death or loneliness.

The train has been described killing a loved one, as taking one’s beloved away or as leaving an itinerant worker far from home.

In variants where the song describes a confrontation, the person being challenged is always a woman, and never a man. The Kossoy Sisters folk version asks, “Little girl, little girl, where’d you stay last night? Not even your mother knows.”

The reply to one version’s “Where did you get that dress, and those shoes that are so fine?” is “from a man in the mines, who sleeps in the pines.”

The theme of a woman who has been caught doing something she should not is also common to many variants.

One variant, sang in the early twentieth century by the Ellison clan (Ora Ellison, deceased) in Lookout Mountain Georgia, told of the rape of a young Georgia girl, who fled to the pines in shame. Her rapist, a male soldier, was later beheaded by the train. Mrs. Ellison had stated that it was her belief that the song was from the time shortly after the civil war.

The only conclusion to be drawn is that this great song, over many many years, took on a life of it’s own, mutated into countless versions – even absorbing other songs into the mix – but retained it’s inherent, elemental power, it’s timelessness!


Here are the lyrics to the best known version, officially ascribed to the great Huddie Ledbetter!

My girl, my girl, don’t lie to me
Tell me where did you sleep last night

In the pines, in the pines
Where the sun don’t ever shine
I would shiver the whole night through

My girl, my girl, where will you go
I’m going where the cold wind blows

In the pines, in the pines
Where the sun don’t ever shine
I would shiver the whole night through

Her husband, was a hard working man
Just about a mile from here
His head was found in a driving wheel
But his body never was found

My girl, my girl, don’t lie to me
Tell me where did you sleep last night

In the pines, in the pines
Where the sun don’t ever shine
I would shiver the whole night through

My girl, my girl, where will you go
I’m going where the cold wind blows

In the pines, in the pines
Where the sun don’t ever shine
I would shiver the whole night through

My girl, my girl, don’t lie to me
Tell me where did you sleep last night

In the pines, in the pines
Where the sun don’t ever shine
I would shiver the whole night through

My girl, my girl, where will you go
I’m going where the cold wind blows

In the pines, in the pines
Where the sun don’t ever shine
I would shiver the whole night through

Nirvana perform Where Did You Sleep Last Night at their MTV Unplugged Show in 1993

From: hieubgl

Mark Lanegan performs Where Did You Sleep Last Night from the Winding Sheet LP
(featuring Kurt Cobain on guitar and Kris Novoselic on bass. Listen closely and you hear Kurt provide some useful back-up screaming at the end of the song!)


From: dropd24

Twilight Singers with Mark Lanegan perform Where Did You Sleep Last Night (with Massive Attack’s Live With Me)


From: whigsbitch

https://i0.wp.com/www.allgigs.co.uk/Reviews/TomCrowther/nirvana.jpghttp://denverdoldrums.files.wordpress.com/2007/10/nirvanaunplugged.jpghttps://i1.wp.com/blog.oregonlive.com/popmusic/2007/08/leadbelly.jpghttps://i1.wp.com/www.bobsboots.com/CDS/d-41f.JPGhttps://i2.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/f/ff/MarkLanegan-TheWindingSheet.jpg

Here she be:

Bob Dylan – In the Pines (Live)/ Leadbelly – Where Did You Sleep Last Night/ Kurt Cobain- Where Did You Sleep Last Night (acoustic) /Nirvana – Where Did You Sleep /Mark Lanegan – Where Did You Sleep Last Night

Where_Did_You_Sleep_Last_Night_-_In_the_Pines.rar
1 RAR / 32 MB*

*updated to include the Lanegan track
which can be individually downloaded here;

Mark_Lanegan_-_Winding_Sheet_-Where_Did_You_Sleep_Last_Night.mp3

https://i0.wp.com/www.allgigs.co.uk/Reviews/TomCrowther/nirvana.jpghttp://denverdoldrums.files.wordpress.com/2007/10/nirvanaunplugged.jpghttps://i1.wp.com/blog.oregonlive.com/popmusic/2007/08/leadbelly.jpghttps://i1.wp.com/www.bobsboots.com/CDS/d-41f.JPGhttps://i2.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/f/ff/MarkLanegan-TheWindingSheet.jpg

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August 26, 2008 Posted by | Leadbelly, Mark Lanegan, Massive Attack, Music_Alternative, Music_Blues, Music_Folk, Nirvana, Twilight Sisters, _BOB DYLAN, _MUSIC, _POETRY | 2 Comments